Country Data


Last updated

Sep, 2022

President/Head of StateMohamed Ould Ghazouani
Prime MinisterMohamed Ould Bilal Messoud
Size of Cabinet23
National AssemblyAl Jamiya Al Wataniya
Seats in NA157
Parties in NA23
Female MPs in NA20.26%
Term of National Assembly5 years
Term of President5 years
Number of NA Elections held6
Number of PE held7
Next NA Elections2023
Next Presidential Elections2024

List of cabinet

Head of StatePresidentMohamed Ould Ghazouani
Head of GovernmentPrime MinisterMohamed Ould Bilal Messoud
FinanceMinister of FinancesMohamed Lemine Ould Dhéhbi
ForeignMinister of Foreign Affairs, Cooperation and Mauritanians AbroadIsmail Ould Cheikh Ahmed
DefenseMinister of National DefenseHanenna Ould Sidi
HealthMinister of Health Sidi Ould Zahaf
JusticeMinister of JusticeMohamed Mahmoud Ould Cheikh Abdoullah Ould Boya
EnergyMinister of Petroleum, Mines and EnergyAbdessalem Ould Mohamed Saleh
EducationMinister of National Education, Technical Training and ReformMohamed Melainine Ould Eyih
EconomyMinister of the Economic Affairs and Promotion of Productive Sectors Ousmane Mamoudou Kane
Minister of Trade, Industry, Handicrafts and TourismNaha Mint Hamdi Ould Mouknass
Digital/ITMinister of Higher Education and Scientific Research Amal Mint Sidi Ould Cheikh Abdallahi
InteriorMinister of the Interior and DecentralizationMohamed Salem Ould Merzoug
EnvironmentMinister of the Environment and Sustainable DevelopmentMariem Bekaye
Minister of Fisheries and Maritime EconomyDy Ould Zein
LaborMinister of Public Service, Labor and Modernization of AdministrationCamara Saloum Mohamed
Minister of Employment and Vocational Training Taleb Ould Sid’Ahmed
OthersMinister of Islamic Affairs and Original EducationDah Ould Sidi Ould Amar Taleb
Minister of Housing, Urbanism and Land PlanningSidi Ahmed Ould Mohamed
Minister of Equipment and TransportMohamedou Ould M’Haïmid
Minister of Hydraulics and SanitationMohamed El Hacen Ould Boukhreiss
Minister of Culture, Youth, Sports, and Relations with Parliament, government spokespersonMoktar Ould Dahi
Minister of Social Action, Children and FamilyNaha Haroun Cheikh Sidiya
Minister Secretary General of the Governmentunclear

Main political party

Name of partyFoundationTimes Elected to NATimes Won at NATimes Won at PE
Union for the Republic (UPR)2009223
Union for Democracy and Progress (UDP) 400
Union of the Forces of Progress (UFP)300
Rally of Democratic Forces (RFD) 300
Democratic Republican Party for Renewal (PRDR) / PRDR433
Rally for Democracy and Unity (RDU)410

Last NA elections results

NA elections/Parties winning seatsSeats 
Union for the Republic (UPR)89
National Rally for Reform and Development (Tewassoul) 14
Union for Democracy and Progress (UDP) 6
El Karama 6
National Democratic Alliance (AND) 4
Unitary Party for the Construction of Mauritania (UCM) 4
Union of the Forces of Progress (UFP)3
Rally of Democratic Forces (RFD) 3
Shura for Development3
Sawa Party3
Progressive People's Alliance(APP) 3
Surge of youth for the Nation (SJN) 3
National Pact for Democracy and Development(ADIL) 2
Party of Democratic and Social Agreement(El Wiam) 2
Party of Conciliation and Prosperity (HIWAR) 1
Alliance for Justice and Democracy (AJD)1
Parti Mauritanien pourDemain (ELGHAD)1
UnionDémocratiqueNationale (UND1
Parti«El Islah»(El Islah)1
Parti de la Paix et du ProgrèsDémocratique (PPPD)1
Parti de laCoalition des Mauritaniens pour la Patrie (CMP)1
Coalition: Parti«WAVA» Mauritanien (WAVA), Parti Avant-garde des Forces du ChangementDémocratique (Avant garde)1
Number of parties winning seats23
Number of parties contesting116
Female MPs20.26%
Voter turnout73,06% (1st rd)55,95% (2rd)

Last Presidential elections results

Presidential elections  
2019Party1st round
Mohamed Ould GhazouaniUPR52
Biram Dah AbeidIndp18.6
Sidi Mohamed Ould BoubakarIndp17.9
Kane Hamidou Baba CVE8.7
Mohamed Ould Mouloud UFD2.44
Total no of candidates6
Voter Turnout62.70%

Voting System

  • PE: President directly elected by absolute majority popular vote in 2 rounds if needed for a 5-year term (eligible for a second term)
  • NA: 113 members in single- and multi-seat constituencies directly elected by a combination of plurality and proportional representation voting systems, 40 members in a single, nationwide constituency directly elected by proportional representation vote, and 4 members directly elected by the diaspora; all members serve 5-year terms

Source: CIA World Factbook